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Selenium Automation Testing: A Detailed Step By Step Guide

When it comes to developing a software project, testing is one of the major aspects that decide the future of the project. It is one of the most important phases of any software development cycle that helps testers in developing quality ensured software without any failure. Running a detailed testing process on a large-scale project is not that easy at all. To ease up things for the end-users and the developers, automated testing tools were introduced into the marketplace. These tools not only ensure fast and effective testing in affordable pricing but also reduce the number of team members required for the same as well.

The guide is designed to provide you with absolute information about what Selenium automation testing is and the detailed step-by-step guide involved in it.

What is Selenium Testing?

Selenium is one of the finest, open-source automated, and valuable testing tools available in the marketplace that is being used by the majority of web developers globally. The automated testing performed by Selenium tool is usually known as Selenium testing is usually supposed to be quite effective. Before leading further, one thing that we would like to make clear here is that Selenium is not just a single tool but is a collection of tools that performs effective testing in collaboration with each other. The only drawback of the Selenium automation testing is that it works effectively only on web applications. In short, we can also say that one can’t use it on desktop and mobile applications.

Selenium Automation Testing Tools

Selenium Automation Testing comprises a different set of tools that helps in facilitating the testing process effectively. The main testing tools involved in the Selenium testing kit are:

Selenium IDE

Selenium IDE is a record or runs a tool that helps in developing the Selenium Test Cases effectively. The tool is usually being used by test case developers and is designed to be quite interactive and intuitive. It is an easy-to-use tool that can be used by anyone for developing automated test cases for a web application. The tool can effectively record the user interactions and then build up the automated test scripts. It is a Firefox or Chrome plugin process that is being used as a prototyping tool and helps in speeding up the development of automation scripts. Whether it is about the reusability of test scripts or it is about improved locator functionality of debugging test scripts, everything can be done effectively with Selenium IDE.

How to install Selenium IDE?

For installing Selenium IDE, the things you have to do are:

  • Launch your Firefox browser and then tap on the menu option present in the top right corner of your home screen.
  • Once done, just tap on the Add-ons option being available in the drop-down box.
  • The next thing you have to do is to tap on the Find more add-ons option.
  • On the successful completion of the process, now type “Selenium IDE” in the provided space.
  • Once done tap to add Selenium IDE to Firefox.
  • Once done with the installation or Selenium IDE you can easily watch it on the top right corner of your browser.

Record, Save, and Playback the test

Once done with the installation part, you now have to create a new test for a new project. You can provide a name for your project here and once done specify a valid URL for the same. Once the browser navigates to the URL, navigate to the Facebook login page and then Start Recording the user interactions over there. On the successful completion of the above process, all user actions will be recorded and converted into the script perfectly.

On the successful completion of the test, make sure to save it. Save your project with your preferable name and location of the project. Users are free to play tests back in the Selenium automation testing IDE for cross-checking.

Selenium Remote Control (RC)

Selenium Remote Control (RC) is one of the most important aspects of a Selenium Automation Testing kit. It is used for testing framework by the quality analyst or developers. The introduction of the testing tool has made it easier for the QA or the developers to write different test cases in any of the preferred programming languages so that it can perfectly automate the UI tests for ensuring perfectly functioning web applications.

Selenium WebDriver

It is a part of the Selenium automation testing kit that includes an open-source API used for performing automated testing on a web application. The tool is quite effective in verifying the work whether it is working properly or not. The tool supports different web browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, IE, and Safari effectively.

Selenium Grid

It is a part of the Selenium automation testing kit. It is used as a smart proxy server for running tests easily. The tool is being used by routing commands to remote web browser instances.


I hope you guys have effectively collected information about Selenium Automation Testing. It is a wonderful tool that has eased up the tasks of testers to a greater extent. The tool is being used globally and has gained huge popularity due to the involvement of quality features.